Platy fish is available in every local fish store across the globe, they are popular for there colors and active nature
Why need a beginner’s guide for platy fish? Platy fish is the second most popular fish in the fish keeping hobby and one of the most preferred planted tank fish and it is important to educate the new hobbyist who would want to keep these beauties in their aquarium. This precise beginner’s guide would be handy for every new hobbyist.
Platy Fish – Overview
|Scientific Name||3 species of platy is available.|
Southern Platy (Xiphophorus maculatus)
Variable Platy (Xiphophorus variatus)
Swordtail Platy (Xiphophorus xiphidium)
|Habitat or Origin||They are natives of Southern Platy Species that are native to North and Central America. Variable Platy Species are native to North-Eastern Mexico. Swordtail or Platy species are native to Mexico and Northern Central America.|
|Average Size||They are relatively small fishes. Southern Platy fish grows up to 6 cm or 2.4 inches, Variable platy grows up to 7 cm or 2.8 inches and Swordtails or platties grows up to 3.5 – 16 cm or 1.4 – 6.3 inches|
|Coloration||They are yellow, orange, blue, white and red in color|
|Life Span||They live for 3 years. If given good care they live even for 5 years|
|Diet||They are Omnivores. In wild, they feed on algae, plant matters, insects, larvae, fish eggs, and fry. In Captivity they feed on flakes, micro pellets, frozen foods as well as live foods like daphnia|
|Gender Identification||Males are slightly smaller than females. Females are large and have a plain body. Males have rod-shaped anal fins|
|Behavior||They are active fishes. They play around the tank. They go well with their own kind. They love plants.|
|Compatibility||Platy fish are compatible with small tetras and rasboras, cory catfish, snails, bristlenose plecos, and rainbowfish. Avoid mixing platies with guppies. Avoid aggressive fishes like Pushy, nippy fish like barbs and cichlids|
|Ideal Tank Conditions||Our Recommendation is 20 – 30 gallons. They enjoy hard water. A Group of 3 to 6 platies is good for a 30-gallon fish tank.|
|Water Parameters||The ideal pH to hold Platy fish is 6.8 to 8.5 and water hardness of 10-28 dGH. Water temperature should be between 70 – 80 Degree Fahrenheit (23 to 28 Degree Centigrade)|
|Breeding||It is very easy to breed platy fish. Male platy fish more often go after female platy trying to mate with them. Keep 2 or 3 females for one male platy. Having more females ensures that they don’t get stressed out due to male platies. Female patties give birth to 20 -50 babies per month at the right setup|
|Common Diseases||Since they are hardy fishes, Generally they are not affected by any diseases. Maintaining good water quality and a healthy diet prevents diseases|
|Approximate Cost||They are inexpensive and would around $2 – $4 USD. In Asia, it is available at 1/2 the price of the USA|
|What to look when buying||Look for Active fishes with bright eyes and big bellies|
|Species in the Market||Commonly available species are southern and variable platies. The most popular varieties available in the market are Mickey Mouse, sunburst, red wag, blue, bumblebee, and green lantern platies.|
Different types of Platy fish
- “Platy, Platies – Xiphophorus maculatus”. FishLore.com.
- “Platies – Moonfish, Variegated Platy, Variatus Platy”. Animal-World.
- Lawrence M.; Burr, Brooks M. (1991). A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes. New York: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-91091-9.