Oranda Goldfish is an easy fish with a variety of colors and a peaceful temperament. This makes them really wanted by aquarists and hobbyists.
Why we need the beginner’s guide for Oranda Goldfish? Even though they are pretty easy to keep the beginner’s guide will give all the information that the hobbyist should know about this fish and this would help in keeping a happy fish

Oranda Goldfish Fish – Overview

CategoryDescription
Common NameThe Oranda Goldfish is commonly called the Red Cap gold
Scientific NameThey are scientifically referred to as Carassius gibelio
Habitat or OriginThis fish is said to have originated from cross breeding. However some say that they have originated from China. Their habitat is fresh water which has plants in their environment.
Average SizeThis fish grows to an average size of 7 inches. It can reach up to 9 inches sometimes.
ColorationThe fish is available in a variety of colors like red, black, blue, black with white dots, black with grey radiant, red with yellow-orange spots.
Life SpanThey can live up to 15 years. In a well-maintained tank condition, they can live a couple of years more.
DietThey can feed on small insects and crustaceans. The food can also include salads or spinach. This fish also eats live or frozen food. Young ones can be fed twice a day whereas adults can be fed once a day.
Gender IdentificationMales are smaller than the female fishes. Check the open area under the tail fin. The opening is rounder than the males. The pectoral fins are thicker in males than the females.
BehaviorThis fish is active swimmer but not faster like other species. They spend time in digging in the tank. 
CompatibilityThis fish is a peaceful fish but small fishes should be avoided as they can be eaten up due to their size. They can be kept in group of same species or other gold fish. They can also be kept with Catfish or Cyprinid. Other fishes that can be kept with them are Leopard pleco and peppered catfish.
Ideal Tank ConditionsThe substrate can be fine gravel or sand as they have the habit of digging. The tank can have plants but moderately. Plants like Vallisneria or Elodea can be planted. The fish requires lighting which is 8-11 hours of daylight. The water should be rich in oxygen hence strong aeration system is required. The tank should also have good filtration as the fish loves to eat and this makes the water dirty. The minimum tank size could be 30 gallon for one fish.
Water ParametersThe water temperature can be 68-71.5 degree F. pH can be 5-8. Hardness can range from 6 to 18 dH.
BreedingThe fish reaches sexual maturity when they are 2 years old. Breeding should be 15-20 gallons. The male and the female fishes should be fed live food separately before spawning. Spawning happens early in the morning and lasts for some hours. After the eggs are laid, the parents should be taken away from the tank. The fry can be fed infusoria initially. After 2-3 days, they can be fed live or frozen food.
Common DiseasesIch is a very common disease when the water is not kept clean or temperature is not maintained. The fish develops white sports on its body when it has ich disease. They are also susceptible to cap infection such as bacterial infection.
Approximate CostThe cost is around $35. They can be up to a maximum of $70. The size of the fish should be 4 inches for this cost.
What to look when buyingThe fish should be bright and active which shows that it’s healthy. The fish should have proper fins as fin rot commonly happens with this fish. The fish should not be overfed.
Species in the MarketA variety of colors are available for this species of fish. But they are not different species. So just know about the fish before you buy them. The types are azuma nishiki, hana fusa, nagate oranda, Apache oranda, panda orand, Ingot oranda, jade seal oranda

Gallery of Oranda Goldfish Fish

References