Anubias nana is a dwarf plant, they can be used to cover the substrate of
the aquarium. This also gives the fishes enough space to swim through the tank. They oxygenate the water and also control the nitrate levels in the tank. In this article, we would understand the basic information about anubias nana which should be known to every hobbyist who would want to use them in their aquarium

Anubias Nana Plant – Overview

Common NameDwarf Anubias
ColorThe color of the leaves is dark green. The flowers are creamy
white in color
Habitat/OriginThey are native to Africa – Cameroon, and Nigeria. But a lot
of aquarium plants are seen in Asia
Average SizeThey can grow up to 7.5 inches
Growth RateThey are slow growers and this means less trimming & maintenance
PlacementThey are ideal to be placed anywhere from background to
foreground and this is depending on the scope
MaintenanceTrimming of the stem when they become longer is the only
major maintenance required of these plants
Planting MethodsThey can be planted in the substrate with the root tabs above the substrate. However, if we want floating Anubias Nana, we can place them attached to decorations as the roots can wrap around the object
Ideal SetupA 10-gallon tank can accommodate this plant. A soft substrate is preferable. Place them at a distance of 2.5 inches. Do not
place them in shade but in a place where the lighting is good
Care LevelThey are easy to take care of and they can be grown fully submerged or partially submerged
SupplementsThe plants get the required nutrients from the water itself. If the growth is slow, then nutrient supplements can be used. In general nutrient-rich substrate and CO2 from fishes is sufficient for these plants.
LightingIn the wild, full sunlight helps in photosynthesis. In the
aquarium, however, the standard aquarium light is enough for
these plants to grow. Make sure they are not kept in shady
Water temperatureThe temperature should be around 72-82 degrees Fahrenheit with a pH between 6 and 7.5
PropogationPropagation happens by rhizome division. When the stem
falls off in the substrate, a new plant is grown. For us to cut the stem, we need to make sure that each cut stem has at least three to five leaves for them to photosynthesis and develop into individual plants.
Approx. CostAnubias nana is commonly available in almost every local fish store and they cost between 3 to 5 USD and in southeast Asia and India they are almost at the same price
Common DiseasesThe rotting Anubias rhizome produces discolored leaves. The
rotten or unhealthy rhizome can be identified by its texture. It
will be squishy in texture. A healthy one will be firm.
What to look for when buyingBrightly colored leaves or flowers are signs of a healthy plant.
Hence go for the plants which have good coloration along
with a strong stem.
Related SpecifiesAnubias afzelii, Anubias barteri, Anubias gigantea 
FAQs Check out the most asked questions about Anubias nana

Anubias Nana Plant Gallery


  1.  Crusio, W. (1979). “A revision of Anubias Schott (Araceae). (Primitiae Africanae XII)”Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen79 (14): 1–48. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
  2. ^ Schott, H. (December 1857). “Aroideen Skizzen”. Österreichisches Botanisches Wochenblatt (in German and Latin). 7 (50): 398–399. doi:10.1007/BF02071618.
  3. Christel Kasselmann (2002). Aquarium Plants. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company. pp. 104ISBN 1-57524-091-2.
  4. Crusio WE (1987). “Die Gattung Anubias SCHOTT (Araceae)”. Aqua Planta (in German). Sonderheft (1): 1–44.